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2019年考研英语预习试题1

2018-10-7 21:44| 发布者: 1363192878| 查看: 1166| 评论: 0

摘要: SectionⅠUseofEnglishDirections:Readthefollowingtext.Choosethebestword(s)foreachnumberedblankandmarkA,B,CorDonANSWERSHEET1.(10points)Peopleare,onthewhole,pooratconsideringbackgroundinformationwhenmaki ...

Section Ⅰ Use of English

Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)

People are, on the whole, poor at considering background information when making individual decisions. At first glance this might seem like a strength that 1 the ability to make judgments which are unbiased by 2 factors. But Dr. Uri Simonsohn speculated that an inability to consider the big 3 was leading decision-makers to be biased by the daily samples of information they were working with. 4 , he theorised that a judge 5 of appearing too soft 6 crime might be more likely to send someone to prison 7 he had already sentenced five or six other defendants only to probation on that day.

To 8 this idea, he turned to the university-admissions process. In theory, the 9 of an applicant should not depend on the few others 10 randomly for interview during the same day, but Dr Simonsohn suspected the truth was 11 .

He studied the results of 9,323 MBA interviews, 12 by 31 admissions officers. The interviewers had 13 applicants on a scale of one to five. This scale 14 numerous factors into consideration. The scores were 15 used in conjunction with an applicant's score on the Graduate Management Admission Test, or GMAT, a standardised exam which is 16 out of 800 points, to make a decision on whether to accept him or her.

Dr Simonsohn found if the score of the previous candidate in a daily series of interviewees was 0.75 points or more higher than that of the one 17 that, then the score for the next applicant would 18 by an average of 0.075 points. This might sound small, but to 19 the effects of such a decrease a candidate would need 30 more GMAT points than would otherwise have been 20 .

1.[A] grant [B] submits [C] transmits [D] delivers

2.[A] minor [B]objective [C] crucial [D] external

3.[A] issue [B] vision [C] picture [D] moment

4.[A] For example [B] On average [C] In principle[D] Above all

5.[A] fond [B]fearful [C] capable [D] thoughtless

6.[A] in [B] on [C] to [D] for

7.[A] if [B]until [C] though [D] unless

8.[A] promote [B]emphasize [C] share [D] test

9.[A] decision [B] quality [C] status [D] success

10.[A] chosen [B]stupid [C]found [D] identified

11.[A] exceptional [B] defensible [C] replaceable [D] otherwise

12.[A] inspired [B]expressed [C] conducted [D] secured

13.[A] assigned [B]rated [C] matched [D] arranged

14.[A] put [B]got [C]gave [D] took

15.[A]instead [B]then [C] ever [D] rather

16.[A]selected [B]passed [C] marked [D] introduced

17.[A]before [B] after [C] above [D] below

18.[A] jump [B] float [C] drop [D] fluctuate

19.[A]achieve [B]undo [C] maintain [D]disregard

20. [A] promising [B] possible [C] necessary [D] helpful

Section Ⅱ Reading Comprehension

Part A

Directions:Read the following four texts. Answer the questions after each text by choosing A, B, C or D. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 1. (40 points)

Text 1

In the 2006 film version of The Devil Wears Prada, Miranda Priestly, played by Meryl Streep, scold her unattractive assistant for imagining that high fashion doesn’t affect her. Priestly explains how the deep blue color of the assistant’s sweater descended over the years from fashion shows to department stores and to the bargain bin in which the poor girl doubtless found her garment.

This top-down conception of the fashion business couldn’t be more out of date or at odds with feverish world described in Overdressed, Elizabeth Cline’s three-year indictment of “fast fashion”. In the last decades or so, advances in technology have allowed mass-market labels such as Zara, H&M, and Uniqlo to react to trends more quickly and anticipate demand more precisely. Quckier turnrounds mean less wasted inventory, more frequent releases, and more profit. Those labels encourage style-conscious consumers to see clothes as disposal

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